A new study, released by Vegetation History and Archaeobotany on June 27, 2016, indicates that archaeologists have found traces of cannabis fibers, pollen and achenes (dried seeds or fruit) in Paleolithic Europe and East Asia. The new data indicates the presence of domestic cannabis 5,000 years ago and shatters what we’ve though about the origins of cannabis trade.
Archaeological evidence in the past suggests that sporadic cannabis use, consisting of mostly fossilized pollen and hemp fibers, goes back up to 10,000 years in many parts of the world. The discovery of cannabis achenes, or buds, suggests cannabis smoking. Researchers found cannabis achenes consistently imprinted in ceramics from the sixth millennium BCE through the third millennium BCE. This represents a flux of farmed cannabis and intercontinental trade.